The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety updates its median overlap front crash test to include a rear occupant. The agency tested this revised assessment by putting 15 small SUVs through the assessment. Only two of them received the top score of Good. Nine received a poor rating – the worst possible rating.
The Ford Escape and the Volvo XC40 were the only two test vehicles with good overall ratings. The Toyota RAV4 received an acceptable score, one step lower in the ranking. The Audi Q3, Nissan Rogue, and Subaru Forester were marginal, an additional level worse in the rankings. All others got poor marks. All the ratings are in the table below.
In a previous version of the moderate overlap front test, a vehicle traveling at 40 mph (64 km/h) collided with an aluminum honeycomb. The impact zone was 40 percent of the total width of the vehicle that was hitting the driver’s side. The latest assessment places a crash dummy representing a small woman or a 12-year-old child behind the driver.
All tested vehicles had an overall rating of Good in the previous version of the crash assessment. There was an additional requirement for rear-end protection that changed the classification in this reassessment.
The IIHS modified the moderate overlap front test because most vehicles received good scores in the evaluation. However, automakers weren’t making such improvements for rear-seat occupants. According to agency data, 2007 or newer models are 46 percent more likely to suffer a fatal injury in the rear than in the front.
“Thanks to improvements by automakers, drivers of most vehicles are about 50 percent less likely to be killed in a front-end crash today than they were 25 years ago. Our latest test is a challenge to manufacturers to put the back seat into perspective.” bring the same benefits,” said IIHS President David Harkey.
|Model||Overall rating in the updated moderate overlap front crash test|
|2022-23 Ford Escape (built after May 2022)||good|
|2021-23 Volvo XC40||good|
|2021-23 Toyota RAV4||acceptable|
|2021-23 Audi Q3||Being at your limit|
|2021-23 Nissan Rogue||Being at your limit|
|2021-23 Subaru Forester||Being at your limit|
|2021-22 Buick Encore||Poor|
|2021-23 Chevrolet Equinox||Poor|
|2021-22 Honda CR-V||Poor|
|2021-22 Honda HR-V||Poor|
|2021 Hyundai Tucson||Poor|
|2021 Jeep Compass||Poor|
|2021-23 Jeep Renegade||Poor|
|2021-22 Mazda CX-5||Poor|
|2022-23 Mitsubishi Eclipse Cross||Poor|